Audio Course German - Chapter 1 Lesson 7 - 9

Lesson 7

Exercise: introduce yourself

Now, you can introduce yourself.
Guten Tag.
Ich heiße ...
Ich komme aus ... You don't come from France? Well, here is a short list of countries. First, you'll hear the English word, then the German translation. After the German translation you have a moment to repeat the German name of the country. Then you'll hear it once more.


Lesson 8

Exercise: German sentence structure

Now, you can introduce yourself.
Now let's take a first look at German grammar. But don't worry, we'll take it step by step. In this unit, we'll study the German sentence structure. Listen to these sentences:
Der Bahnhof ist da hinten. – The station is back there.
Ich bin Philip. – I'm Philip.
These sentences are statements. In such sentences, we put the verb in second position just as we do in English.
Let's look at an example.
"Ich bin Philip." "Ich" is in first position. It means "I".
"Bin" means "am", a form of the verb "to be". In the sentence "Ich bin Philip" 'bin' is in second position after "ich". The same is true for "ist" – "is" - in "Der Bahnhof ist da hinten." Here, "ist" follows "der Bahnhof" – the station.
Now listen to this sentence: "Trinken wir einen Kaffee?" Shall we drink a cup of coffee? This is a question. The verb is "trinken"- to drink. It is put right in the beginning of the question: "Trinken wir einen Kaffee?"
However, questions can also begin with a question word. Remember this question from Philip's German class: "Woher kommst du?" – Where do you come from? "Woher" is a question word. It means "where from". In this question "woher" is put in the beginning. It is followed by the verb and the German word for "you" - du comes at the end: "Woher komm st du?"

Lesson 9

Exercise: German sentence structure

Now let's practice the German sentence structures with some easy statements and questions you can use when you meet someone for the first time or when you're asking for directions. Let's begin with statements. You will hear the sentence in English. Translate it into German. Don't forget: In statements, the verb is in second position. After a short pause, you'll hear the correct German sentence.
I'm Paul.
Ich bin Paul.
I come from Spain.
Ich komme aus Spanien.
The Deutschakademie is back there.
Die Deutschakademie ist da hinten.
Very good! Now let's ask some questions. Like before, you will hear the question in English. After a short pause you will hear the question in German. We will start with questions that don't have a question word. These questions begin with the verb, remember?
Shall we drink a cup of coffee? – Trinken wir einen Kaffee?
Do you come from Italy? – Kommst du aus Italien?
Well done! Now we'll turn to questions that begin with a question word. This means the verb is in second position. Again, you'll hear the question in English and after a short pause in German.
Where's the station?
Wo ist der Bahnhof?
What's your name?
Wie heißt du?
Where do you come from?
Woher kommst du?
Very good! After what has been a long day for Philip, I'm sure you too will enjoy a little rest. Maybe sit back, relax and listen to the dialogues of this unit once more. When you feel ready for the next step, we'll meet Philip again as he makes plans for his first week in Berlin.

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